The US Biological Warfare and Biological Defense Programs

David R. Franz, Cheryl D. Parrott & Ernest T. Takafuji, MD, Medical Aspects of Chemical and Biological Warfare, Chapter 19 (undated). Biological agents have been used in war for centuries. After World War I, Major Leon Fox, Medical Corps, US Army, prepared a lengthy report that concluded that biological warfare was no longer a concern because of the development of modern sanitary procedures. However, as he wrote, the Japanese were already developing an offensive biological warfare program involving an extensive list of biological agents, capable of causing diseases such as anthrax, tularemia, plague, botulinum, smallpox, glanders and typhoid. ... The